Lesson Plan #: AELP-PRB0005 ** AUTHOR:** Karen Stewart, Harmony Elementary, Cushing, OK

** Date:** 1994

**Grade Level(s):**1, 2, 3, 4, 5

** SUBJECT:**

- Mathematics/Probability

** OVERVIEW:**

Charts and graphs are not only valuable instruments for communicating data quickly and simply, they can be tools for stimulating discussion, and aids in promoting mathematical thinking. Graphing activities for elementary students should include more than fixed displays of information. A hands-on, relevant lesson can be a successful way of teaching concepts which students are more likely to retain. M&M Graphing And Probability can be as simple as making a pictograph (1st and 2nd grades), or as involved as predicting and determining probability (3rd-5th grades).

** PURPOSE:**

To provide students with a hands-on and cooperative learning experience in the process of collecting, analyzing, and interpreting data, and to improve decision making skills through the use of probability.

** OBJECTIVES:**

Students will be able to:

** RESOURCES/MATERIALS:**

- small bags of M&M’s
- pencils
- paper
- rulers
- crayons or markers

** ACTIVITIES AND PROCEDURES:**

** TYING IT ALL TOGETHER:**

Probability is an important decision-making tool. Teaching students to successfully use data from charts or graphs to predict probability will improve their decision- making skills. A hands-on approach will help students apply the concepts of graphing, and probability to other problem solving and risk-taking situations.

** ADDITIONAL ACTIVITIES:**

May 1994 These lesson plans are the result of the work of the teachers who have attended the Columbia Education Center’s Summer Workshop. CEC is a consortium of teacher from 14 western states dedicated to improving the quality of education in the rural, western, United States, and particularly the quality of math and science Education. CEC uses Big Sky Telegraph as the hub of their telecommunications network that allows the participating teachers to stay in contact with their trainers and peers that they have met at the Workshops.